The Cryosphere Discuss., 3, 579-630, 2009
www.the-cryosphere-discuss.net/3/579/2009/
doi:10.5194/tcd-3-579-2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal The Cryosphere (TC). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in TC.
Overview of areal changes of the ice shelves on the Antarctic Peninsula over the past 50 years
A. J. Cook and D. G. Vaughan
British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK

Abstract. In recent decades, seven out of twelve ice shelves around the Antarctic Peninsula (AP) have either retreated significantly or have been almost entirely lost. At least some of these retreats have been shown to be unusual within the context of the Holocene and have been widely attributed to recent atmospheric and oceanic changes. To date, measurements of the area of ice shelves on the AP have either been approximated, or calculated for individual shelves over dissimilar time intervals. Here we present a new dataset containing up-to-date and consistent area calculations for each of the twelve ice shelves on the AP over the past five decades. The results reveal an overall reduction in total ice-shelf area by over 28 000 km2 since the beginning of the period. Individual ice shelves show different rates of retreat, ranging from slow but progressive retreat to abrupt collapse. We discuss the pertinent features of each ice shelf and also broad spatial and temporal patterns in the timing and rate of retreat. We believe that an understanding of this diversity and what it implies about the baseline dynamics and control will provide the best foundation for developing a reliable real predictive skill.

Citation: Cook, A. J. and Vaughan, D. G.: Overview of areal changes of the ice shelves on the Antarctic Peninsula over the past 50 years, The Cryosphere Discuss., 3, 579-630, doi:10.5194/tcd-3-579-2009, 2009.
 
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