The recent retreat of Mexican glaciers on Citlaltépetl Volcano detected using ASTER data
J. Cortés-Ramos and H. Delgado-Granados
Departamento de Vulcanología, Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Ciudad Universitaria 04510 México, DF, Mexico
Received: 31 May 2012 – Accepted for review: 05 Jul 2012 – Discussion started: 06 Aug 2012
Abstract. Satellite imagery and net radiation data collected between 2001 and 2007 for Citlaltépetl Volcano confirm the dramatic shrinkage of Glaciar Norte and the elimination of Jamapa and Chichimeco glacier tongues. The Glaciar Norte rapidly retreated between 2001 and 2002 while for 2007 this retreat decreases considerably. Jamapa and Chichimeco tongues disappeared by 2001 as compared to the geometry shown for 1958. The Glaciar Norte lost about 72% of its surface area between 1958 and 2007. Recently, the ice loss appears to be accelerating as evidenced by the 33% areal loss in just 6 yr between 2001 and 2007. At this shrinkage rate the glaciers would be gone from the volcano by the year 2020, which is decades earlier than previously estimated. The net radiation from ASTER images and the energy fluxes calculated via the meteorological data at the glacial surface show the close relationship between glacial shrinkage and surface energy balance. The magnitude of changes in the net radiation balance allows improved understanding of glacial retreat in Mexico.
Cortés-Ramos, J. and Delgado-Granados, H.: The recent retreat of Mexican glaciers on Citlaltépetl Volcano detected using ASTER data, The Cryosphere Discuss., 6, 3149-3176, doi:10.5194/tcd-6-3149-2012, 2012.