S. Rodier1, Y. Hu2, and M. Vaughan21SSAI, NASA Langley Research Center, MS 475, Hampton VA 23681-2199, USA 2NASA Langley Research Center, MS 475, Hampton VA 23681-2199, USA
Received: 30 May 2013 – Accepted for review: 16 Jul 2013 – Discussion started: 13 Sep 2013
Abstract. Monitoring long-term climate change in the Polar Regions relies on accurate, detailed and repeatable measurements of geophysical processes and states. These regions are among the Earth's most vulnerable ecosystems, and measurements there have shown rapid changes in the seasonality and the extent of snow and sea ice coverage. The authors have recently developed a promising new technique that uses lidar surface measurements from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) mission to infer ocean surface ice-water phase. CALIPSO's 532 nm depolarization ratio measurements of the ocean surface are uniquely capable of providing information about the ever-changing sea surface state within the Polar Regions. With the finer resolution of the CALIPSO footprint (90 m diameter, spaced 335 m apart) and its ability to acquire measurements during both daytime and nighttime orbit segments and in the presence of clouds, the CALIPSO sea ice product provides fine-scale information on mixed phase scenes and can be used to assess/validate the estimates of sea-ice concentration currently provided by passive sensors. This paper describes the fundamentals of the CALIPSO sea-ice detection and classification technique. We present retrieval results from a six-year study, which are compared to existing data sets obtained by satellite-based passive remote sensors.
Rodier, S., Hu, Y., and Vaughan, M.: Sea ice detection with space-based LIDAR, The Cryosphere Discuss., 7, 4681-4701, doi:10.5194/tcd-7-4681-2013, 2013.