Journal cover Journal topic
The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
11 Sep 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of this manuscript was accepted for the journal The Cryosphere (TC) and is expected to appear here in due course.
Antarctic ice sheet thickness estimation using the H/V spectral ratio method with single-station seismic ambient noise
Peng Yan1, Zhiwei Li2, Fei Li1,3, Yuande Yang1, Weifeng Hao1, and Feng Bao2 1Chinese Antarctic Center of Surveying and Mapping, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2State Key Laboratory of Geodesy and Earth's Dynamics, Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430077, China
3State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
Abstract. The horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (H/V) method implemented at single stations using seismic ambient noise waveforms is a fast, noninvasive, efficient method to investigate the subsurface velocity structures of the shallow crust. In this study, we report on a successful application of the H/V method to estimate the Antarctic ice sheet thickness for the first time. Using three-component, five-day long, seismic ambient noise records gathered from more than 60 temporary seismic stations located on the Antarctic ice sheet, the ice thickness at each station was reliably measured. Preliminary analysis revealed that 60 out of 65 seismic stations on the ice sheet obtained clear peak frequencies (f0) related to the ice sheet thickness in the H/V spectrum. Thus, assuming that the isotropic ice layer lies atop a high velocity half-space bedrock, the ice sheet thickness can be calculated by a simple approximation formula. About half of the calculated ice sheet thickness were consistent with the Bedmap2 ice thickness values. To further improve the reliability of ice thickness measurements, two-type models were built to fit the observed H/V spectrum through non-linear inversion. The two-type models represent the isotropic structures of single and two-layer ice sheet, and the latter depicts the non-uniform, layered characteristics of the ice sheet widely distributed in Antarctica. The inversion results suggest that the ice thicknesses derived from the two-layer ice models were highly consistent with the Bedmap2 ice thickness database, and their ice thickness differences were within 300 m at almost all stations. Our results support previous finding that the Antarctic ice sheet is stratified. Extensive data processing indicates that the time length of seismic ambient noise records can be shortened to 1–2 hours for reliable ice sheet thickness estimation using the H/V method. This study extends the application fields of the H/V method and provides a complementary and independent way to measure ice sheet thickness in Antarctica.

Citation: Yan, P., Li, Z., Li, F., Yang, Y., Hao, W., and Bao, F.: Antarctic ice sheet thickness estimation using the H/V spectral ratio method with single-station seismic ambient noise, The Cryosphere Discuss.,, in review, 2017.
Peng Yan et al.


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