Journal cover Journal topic
The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2017-77
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Brief communication
06 Jun 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal The Cryosphere (TC).
Brief communication: Estimation of hydraulic properties of active layers using ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and 2D inverse hydrological modeling
Xicai Pan1,2, Stefan Jaumann1,3, Jiabao Zhang2, and Kurt Roth1,4 1Institute of Environmental Physics, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
2Fengqiu Agro-ecological Experimental Station, State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 71 East Beijing Road, Nanjing, China
3HGSMathComp, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 205, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
4Interdisplinary Center for Scientific Computing (IWR), Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 205, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Abstract. Estimation of hydraulic properties of active layers is challenging due to the freeze-thaw effect in space and time. Provided an active layer with an undulating thawing table, monitoring of spatial soil water dynamics could provide significant information for commonly-used inverse estimation of soil hydraulic properties. In this study, we assess the feasibility of efficiently estimating soil hydraulic properties using Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR) observations – soil water storage and layer thickness in conjunction with a two-dimensional hydrological model. The results of this study conceptually demonstrate that spatial and temporal observations of soil moisture in the active layer during a rain event are sufficient for inverse estimation of soil hydraulic parameters. The proposed method depends on the lateral water redistribution controlled by the undulating frost table and/or the intensity and duration of the precipitation. We suggest that this method could be used for seasonal-scale estimation of soil hydraulic properties.

Citation: Pan, X., Jaumann, S., Zhang, J., and Roth, K.: Brief communication: Estimation of hydraulic properties of active layers using ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and 2D inverse hydrological modeling, The Cryosphere Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2017-77, in review, 2017.
Xicai Pan et al.
Xicai Pan et al.
Xicai Pan et al.

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Short summary
This study proposes a new method for estimating hydraulic properties of active layers using ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and 2D inverse hydrological modeling. This method creatively turns over the adverse features of undulating frost table for 1D inverse estimation of hydraulic parameters to assets for 2D inverse estimation. Its advantages include non-destructive observations, a bigger scale of the soil hydraulic properties and efficiency for permafrost studies.
This study proposes a new method for estimating hydraulic properties of active layers using...
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