Journal cover Journal topic
The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 4.524 IF 4.524
  • IF 5-year value: 5.558 IF 5-year 5.558
  • CiteScore value: 4.84 CiteScore 4.84
  • SNIP value: 1.425 SNIP 1.425
  • SJR value: 3.034 SJR 3.034
  • IPP value: 4.65 IPP 4.65
  • h5-index value: 52 h5-index 52
  • Scimago H index value: 55 Scimago H index 55
Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 22 Oct 2018

Research article | 22 Oct 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal The Cryosphere (TC).

Dynamic Ocean Topography of the Greenland Sea: A comparison between satellite altimetry and ocean modeling

Felix L. Müller1, Claudia Wekerle2, Denise Dettmering1, Marcello Passaro1, Wolfgang Bosch1, and Florian Seitz1 Felix L. Müller et al.
  • 1Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut, Technische Universität München, Arcisstraße 21, 80333 Munich, Germany
  • 2Climate Dynamics, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bussestraße 24, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany

Abstract. The dynamic ocean topography (DOT) in the polar seas can be described by satellite altimetry sea surface height observations combined with geoid information and by ocean models. The altimetry observations are characterized by an irregular sampling and seasonal sea-ice coverage complicating reliable DOT estimations. Models display various spatio-temporal resolutions, but are limited to their computational and mathematical context and introduced forcing models. In the present paper, ALES+ retracked altimetry ranges and derived along-track DOT heights of ESA's Envisat and water heights of the Finite Element Sea-ice Ocean Model (FESOM) are compared to investigate similarities and discrepancies. The study period covers the years 2003–2009. An assessment analysis regarding seasonal DOT variabilities shows good accordance and confirms the most dominant impact of the annual signal in both datasets. A comparison based on estimated regional annual signal components shows 2–3 times stronger amplitudes of the observations but good agreement of the phase. Reducing both datasets by constant offsets and the annual signal reveals small regional residuals and highly correlated DOT time series (correlation coefficient at least 0.67). The highest correlations can be found in areas that are ice-free and affected by ocean currents. However, differences are visible in sea-ice covered shelf regions. Furthermore, remaining constant artificial elevations in the observational data can be addressed to an insufficient representation of the used geoid. In general, the comparison results in good accordance between simulated and altimetry based description of the DOT in the Greenland Sea. Furthermore, the investigation shows that combining both datasets and exploiting the advantages of along-track altimetry observations and those of homogeneous modeled DOT representations leads to a deeper comprehension of the Arctic Ocean's DOT.

Felix L. Müller et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: open (until 17 Dec 2018)
Status: open (until 17 Dec 2018)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
[Subscribe to comment alert] Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Felix L. Müller et al.
Felix L. Müller et al.
Total article views: 378 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
310 66 2 378 1 1
  • HTML: 310
  • PDF: 66
  • XML: 2
  • Total: 378
  • BibTeX: 1
  • EndNote: 1
Views and downloads (calculated since 22 Oct 2018)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 22 Oct 2018)
Viewed (geographical distribution)  
Total article views: 377 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 376 with geography defined and 1 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
No saved metrics found.
No discussed metrics found.
Latest update: 15 Dec 2018
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
The knowledge of the dynamic ocean topography (DOT) enables to study changes of ocean surface currents. The DOT can be derived by satellite altimetry measurements or by models. However, in polar regions, altimetry-derived sea surface heights are affected by sea-ice. Model representations are consistent, but impacted by the underlying functional backgrounds and forcing models. The present study compares results from both data sources in order to investigate the potential for a combination.
The knowledge of the dynamic ocean topography (DOT) enables to study changes of ocean surface...